Urban Displacement Southern California Map

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* Additional details of the methodology can be found in the forthcoming ARB report

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Mapping Neighborhood Change in Los Angeles County

The UCLA team developed a neighborhood database for the Los Angeles County region to include a series of data on demographic, socio-economic and housing characteristics in both transit and non-transit neighborhoods. We analyzed this data to better understand where gentrification has happened or is currently happening, as well as which neighborhoods are vulnerable to gentrification. Additionally, we also examined neighborhood upscaling which can occur in both disadvantaged and advantaged neighborhoods in terms of income, human capital, and housing cost. Our data and analysis are summarized in a series of interactive maps. While the UCLA and UCB teams worked in tandem, the outcomes and types of maps are not identical because of differences in project funding, project scope, and data availability in the two regions.

Key Findings

  • Our analysis found that areas around transit stations are changing and that many of the changes are in direction of neighborhood upscaling and gentrification.
  • Examining the changes from 2000 to 2013, we find that relative to non-transit areas, transit neighborhoods are more associated with higher increases in whites, college educated, higher income households and greater increases in the cost of rent. Conversely, transit neighborhoods are associated with greater losses in disadvantaged populations including individuals with less than a high school diploma and lower income households.
  • The impacts of changes vary across locations but the biggest impacts seem to be around the Downtown areas where transit-oriented development interacts with other interventions aiming to revitalize the urban form.