Glossary of Anti-Displacement Policies
How to Stop Displacement
What are jurisdictions in the Bay Area doing to address the displacement of low-income families?
The map above provides information on which anti-displacement policies and strategies are on the books for 123 incorporated places and 12 unincorporated county areas across the 9-county Bay Area and Santa Cruz, San Joaquin, Sacramento, and Yolo counties. The map is based on an inventory of municipal codes updated as of July 2019.
Glossary of Anti-Displacement Policies
|Just cause eviction statutes are laws that allow tenants to be evicted only for specific reasons. These “just causes” can include a failure to pay rent or violation of the lease terms.|
|Rent stabilization or rent control||Rent Control ordinances protect tenants from excessive rent increases, while allowing landlords a reasonable return on their investments. Such ordinances limit rent increase to certain percentages, but California state law allows landlords to raise rents to the market rate once the unit becomes vacant.|
|Rent review board and/or mediation||Rent review boards mediate between tenants and landlords on issues related to rent increases, and encourage them to come into voluntary agreement. As mediators, the board normally does not make a binding decision in the case.|
|Mobile Home Rent Control||Mobile home rent control places specific rent increase restrictions on the land rented by mobile home owners, or the homes themselves.|
|SRO (Single-Room Occupancy) Preservation||Single room occupancies, also called residential hotels, house one or two people in individual rooms. Tenants typically share bathrooms and/or kitchens. These are often considered a form of permanent residence affordable for low-income individuals. SRO Preservation ordinances help to preserve or create new SRO units.|
|Condominium conversion regulations||In addition to state laws regulating the conversion of multifamily rental property into condominiums (like subdivision mapping and homeowner association formation), many cities have enacted condominium conversion ordinances. These impose procedural restrictions (like notification requirements) and/or substantive restrictions on the ability to convert apartment units into condominiums (such as prohibiting conversions unless the city or regional vacancy rate is above a certain fixed amount or requiring that a certain number of units must be sold to persons of very low, low and moderate incomes). The purpose of such ordinances is to protect the supply of rental housing.|
Many cities and counties have local programs that assist home owners (financially or otherwise) when they are at risk of foreclosure. These programs may be funded with federal grants.
|Jobs-Housing Linkage Fee or Affordable Housing Impact/Linkage Fee||Affordable housing impact/linkage fees are charges on developers of new market-rate, residential developments. They are based on the square footage or number of units in the developments and are used to develop or preserve affordable housing.|
|Commercial linkage fee/program||Commercial linkage fees are charges on developers per square foot of new commercial development. Revenues are used to develop or preserve affordable housing.|
|Housing Trust Fund||
A housing trust fund is a designated source of public funds—generated through various means—that is dedicated to creating affordable housing.
|Inclusionary zoning/housing (Below Market Rate Housing)||Inclusionary housing policies require market-rate developers of rental or for-sale housing to rent or sell a certain percentage of units at affordable prices. Some policies include a provision for developers to pay “in-lieu fees” in place of building the housing; this revenue is used to develop affordable units elsewhere.|
|Density bonus ordinance||Density bonuses allow developers of market-rate housing to build higher-density housing, in exchange for having a certain portion of their units offered at affordable prices. In this inventory, we only include a city as having this policy if they allow an additional density bonus beyond that mandated by the state of California.|
|Community Land Trusts||Community land trusts are nonprofit, community-based organizations (supported by the city or county) whose mission is to provide affordable housing in perpetuity by owning land and leasing it to those who live in houses built on that land.|
|First Source Hiring Ordinances||First Source hiring ordinances ensure that city residents are given priority for new jobs created by municipal financing and development programs.|